sexta-feira, 28 de agosto de 2009
quarta-feira, 26 de agosto de 2009
"The origins of the term are firmly rooted in Pareto's work on the distribution of wealth and the ruling class. But today, the term goes beyond its roots in class and is used to describe actors at various levels of society. A working definition we adopt here is that elites are "a distinct group within a society which enjoys privileged status and exercises decisive control over the organization of society." This does not require that the actor be either wealthy or a member of the ruling class, but it does suggest that they have a measurable impact on development outcomes"
quinta-feira, 20 de agosto de 2009
This depends to some extent on context and the complex way in which political identities form in different societies. In many cases, it is useful to think of the elite as being the relatively rich in society, as was the case in nineteenth-century Britain and Argentina. However, this is not always the case; for instance, in South Africa, the elites were the whites and, in many African countries, the elites are associated with a particular ethnic group. In other societies, such as Argentina during some periods, the elite is the military.
It may not be a coincidence that in many situations the elite and the rich coincide. In some cases, those who are initially rich may use their resources to attain power, perhaps by bribing the military or other politicians. In other circumstances, power may be attained by people who are not initially rich. Nevertheless, once attained, political power can be used to acquire income and wealth so that those with power naturally tend to become rich. In either case, there is a close association between the elite and the rich.
Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. (2006) Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 15-16.
terça-feira, 18 de agosto de 2009
Pra quem ainda não enjoou do assunto: já estão no ar as fotos oficiais do XVth World Economic History Congress 2009. Acho que apareço em apenas uma das centenas de fotos. Aí vai uma amostra do que pode ser visto por lá. Acemoglu em sua melhor pose:
sexta-feira, 14 de agosto de 2009
segunda-feira, 10 de agosto de 2009
Allen foi mais conciso e apontou fatores causais mais claro, enquanto que Mokyr, embora tenha feito um bom discurso, não deixou claro quais teriam sido os fatores fundamentais. É difícil dizer quem tem razão. Só lendo os livros pra saber. Foi um belo debate para finalizar uma bem-sucedida semana de congresso.